12/29/2017

GLOSSARY

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DARUMA MUSEUM GLOSSARY


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GLOSSARY ... VOKABULAR

Most vocabulary is covered in the text of the Darumapedia.
Check here first.

- - - SEARCH all my articles !


Below are words not yet covered in a full article.


If you copy the Japanese kanji given below, you will find photos for most items in the list below.
. GOOGLE for IMAGES





. YAHOO J / E - DICTIONARY
Enter your Japanese or English keyword ...
 


Check most of the online dictionaries :
source : www.dictjuggler.net



. - Book Titles - updated LIST - .
- April 2013 -


Headlines about Asian Art
http://www.reddit.com/r/japanart/

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............................. AAA

aikoku fujinkai 愛国婦人会 women's patriotic association

akitsukami 明神 Manifest Deity

ama no hitsugi 天日嗣 Throne of Heavenly Sun Succession
ama no takamikura 天高御座 High Throne of Heaven

arahitokami 現人神 living god

ashitsuki-bachi 足付鉢 (あしつきばち) bowl with legs

asobibe, asobi be  遊び部  play functionaries
asobime 遊び女 / 遊女  "play girl" prostitute (sex was called: omatsuri)



............................. BBB

bakuhan taisei 幕藩体制 Bakuhan system (of government)

barasutaa バラスター baluster. balustrade

Beibei kyoodan 皿皿郷談(べいべいきょうだん) A Rustic Tale of Two Heirs
(bei-bei kyodan)

bonchigara, bonchi gara ぼんちがら patterns for boys

Bukkyoo bunka jiten 仏教文化辞典 Encyclopedia of Buddhist Culture, 1989
bu-un chookyuu 武運長久(ぶうんちょうきゅう)continued good luck in the fortunes of war





............................. CCC

chabo ちゃぼ【矮鶏】 Chinese bantam, chicken

chaki ちゃき【茶器】 container for tea ceremony utensils, tea set

champion vase / He Jingbei ... two cylinders joined together, a nuptial cup

chin ちん【狆】Chinese spaniel dog

choku ちょく【勅】imperial edict

chooge 頂華 finial, フィニアル, kirizuma 切妻




............................. DDD

dannaji, danna ji 旦那寺 funerary temple

donsu どんす【緞子】damask, satin damask
..... kinran donsu 金襴緞子gold brocade



............................. EEE

eaglewood, agarwood, agilawood - used for ritual implements in ancient China

Edo hanjooki 江戸繁盛記 A record of Edo's prosperity

ekoo 回向/廻向 performing ceremonies for the dead

Engishiki, engi-shiki えんぎしき【延喜式】 Procedures of the Engi era (927)

Enshuugonomi, Enshuu konomi 遠州好み "taste of Enshu" (see Kobori Enshu)



............................. FFF

fubako ふばこ【文箱/文筥】 letter dispatch box

fudaraku tokai 補陀落渡海(ふだらくとかい)crossing the sea to reach the paradise of Kannon

fukizumi ふきづみ / 吹墨(ふきずみ) decoration. blowing pigments through a pipe

furegashira 触頭 administrative network head

furyuu 風流 showy spectacles
..... fuuryuu 風流 elegant, acomplished

futatsu hikiryoo no horo 幌 double-striped protective hood

fuuzoku gahoo 風俗が画報 Pictorial Journal reflecting Manners and Customs



............................. GGG

gakureki shakai 学歴社会 credential society, pedigree society

ginbari jippoo (ginbari shippoo) 銀貼七宝 cloisonee with silver foil

gokoku shisoo 護国思想 divine protection of the state (in Buddhism)
... Konkōmyōkyō 金光明経
... Ninnōkyō 仁王経
... Hokkekyō 法華経


gunshin 群臣 officials at the court of Yamato

gusoku 具足 suit of armour of a samurai
..... kogusoku 小具足 smapp pieces of armour equipment (like facemask, forearm sleaves, thigh guards, shin guards, bear-fur boots

gyomotsu, gyobutsu ぎょもつ【御物, ぎょぶつ】 artwork commissioned by rulers. kaiserlicher Besitz

gyooyoo 杏葉 leaf-shaped plate of armour




............................. HHH

haboku はぼく【破墨】 "splashed ink style" for paintings

haitoo はいとう【廃刀】 editc to abolish the carrying of swords in 1876

hakubasami, haku-basami 箔挟(はくばさみ)pincette for holding metal sheets and leaves

han-eri, han eri はんえり【半襟】 decorative collar of an under-kimono

hanshita-e han shite-e 版下絵 last drawing (for a woodcut)

haragake はらがけ【腹掛け】 apron, bib for a child

harimaze はりまぜ【張り交ぜ/貼り雑ぜ】mixing of material for a folding screen or painting

haura, ha ura はうら【羽裏】 lining of a haori coat


heishi 瓶子 (へいし) ritual sake bottle

heishin kikoo 丙辰紀行 Account of a journey in the year Heishin (1671)

Higashiyama seionchoo 東山清音帖 Clear Sound in East Mountain

hinagatabon, hinagata bon 雛型本 books with small pattern designs

hirazoogan ひらぞうがん【平象眼】 flat inlay

hitotsumi, hitotsu mi ひとつみ【一つ身】 kimono for a baby

honmatsu seido 本末制度 head-branch system (of government)

hyakunin isshuu uba ga etoki 百人一首 うばが絵解(ひゃくにんいっしゅ) 乳母か絵とき The Hundred Poems explained by the Nurse




............................. III

ichigami 市神 deity of the market

ichiji shita-e 一時下絵 initial preparatory sketches

ishime いしめ【石目】 texture for engraving work

ishizara, ishi-zara 石皿 stone-glazed plates, from Seto




............................. JJJ

jinbako じんばこ【沈箱】 box for storing incense wood

jinku okuri 神供送り sending off divine offerings
(they are thrown in a hole, burned with torches and burried properly)

jinsei 仁政 benevolent rule

jizai okimono 自在置物 realistically shaped figures of animals, plants etc.

joomoku 条目 regulations

juuzenkai 十善戒 ten good precepts (for Buddhists)
... daruma isshinkai 達磨一心戒 / 一心戒文 from Tendai



............................. KKKK

kachikachi yama かちかちやま【かちかち山】 "fire-crackle mountain", children's story

Kaifuusoo 懐風藻 Kaifuso. Nostalgic Recollections of Literature. Heian Period

kaika ninjoo kagami 開花人情鏡 "A mirror of Human Nature in an Age of Enlightenment"
- Toyohara Kunichika 豊原国周

kaikoku zakki 廻国雑記 Miscellania of travelling about the country. 1487

kakihan かきはん【書(き)判】written seal (for authentification)

kakusa shakai 格差社会 gap society

kami asobi 神遊び divine play. Deities come together to enjoy and feast.

katakiribori かたきりぼり【片切り彫り】 sice-cut engraving

katsurame 桂女 female fishmonger (often prostitute)

kawari-nuri 変塗(かわりぬり)alternative laquering

katakiribori, katakiri-bori かたきりぼり【片切り彫(り)】 side-cut engraving


kebiki odoshi 毛引縅 way oflacing the plates of a cuirass

keka 悔過 ritual of repentance (Buddhism)

kenbyoo けんびょう【硯屏】 screen in front of an inkstone

kendai 見台 reading stand with drawer
... shokendai 書見台(しょけんだい)

keshiboozu, keshi boozu けしぼうず【芥子坊主】 "poppy" shaven head of a priest (or child)


kinji nishiki 金地錦 "golden ground" brocade

kinkeshi 金銷(きんけし)mercury/gold amalgam gilding technique

kinkoo きんこう【金工】 metal work master craftsman

kirikane きりかね【切(り)金/截り金】 cut-gold for decorations

kitooji, kitoo ji 祈祷寺 prayer temple
..... kitoo danna 祈祷旦那 prayer patron


koboku こぼく【古墨】 "Chinese old ink stick"

Koda Shuetsu 迎田秋悦(こうだしゅうえつ Kooda Shuuetsu)(1881 - 1933) artist in laquer ware

koegame, koe-game 肥甕(こえがめ) night soil pot

kohitsu こひつ【古筆】 "painting or calligraphy by the ancients"

kondoo 金堂 "Golden Hall", main hall of a temple complex

kongoosha こんごうしゃ【金剛砂】 garnet stone

konrei choodo 婚礼調度 wedding set, trousseau
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

koodoo 講堂 lecture hall of a temple complex

koshiore ningyoo 腰折れ人形 articulated doll "bending hips"


kugutsu 傀儡 puppeteer-prayer nun (often prostitute)

kusazuri 草摺 tassets (on a suit of armour), a kind of skirt

kyokujitsu ki きょくじつき【旭日旗】 "Rising Sun" flag, for the armed forces.

kyoozoo きょうぞう【胸像】bust (kyozo)
kyoozoo きょうぞう【鏡像】statue reflected in a mirror



............................. MMM

maedate 前立て crest of a helmet, figurehead

makie mei, maki-e mei 蒔絵銘 (まきえめい) signature in maki-e (gold/silver raises laquer work)

me no shita men 目の下面 mask below the eyes (of a coat of armour)

metsubushi めつぶし【目潰し】 pepper blower for blinding a person (used by ninja)


midooshuu 御堂衆(みどうしゅう) "chaplains" of Honganji

migakibake みがき【磨き/研き】 + hake はけ【刷毛】 horsehair brush

mise 見世 business station (shop, store, stall)
..... kakemise 掛店 ”suspended store"
..... nakamise 仲見世 "inner store" at Asakusa

mitsu-ore ningyoo 三つ折れ人形 doll divided into three parts

miyabori shi 宮彫師(みやぼりし)carver for shrines and temples

mokoshi 裳階/裳層 extra decorated roofs of a temple hall

munaita, muna-ita 胸板 breast plate (of armour)
..... oshitsuke no ita 押付の板



............................. NNN

nashiji 梨子地(なしじ) pear-skin background
... muranashiji 斑 spotted
... koinashiji 濃い thick ...

nenjuu gyooji 年中行事 annual schedule of religious events, Jahreszeitenfeste

nerikawa ねりかわ【練革】hardened leather

Nezu Kaichiroo 根津嘉一郎(ねずかいちろう)(1860 - 1940) art collector, Nezu Bijutsukan Museum. Nezu Institute of Fine Arts

Nihon Fuukei Ron 日本風景論 Discussion of Japan's Landscape (1894)

Nihon Hanga Kyookai 日本版画協会 Japan Print Association

Nihon minzoku zufu 日本民族図譜 "Native Customs of Japan"

Ni-I no Ama 二位尼  "nun of the second rank", widow of Kiyomori。平時子

nijiteki shizen 二次的自然 secondary nature (on paintings, in poetry etc)

nimaidoo 二枚胴 two-piece cuirass

nyobon 女犯 "sexual indulgence" of monks



............................. OOO

Oguri gaiden 小栗外伝(おぐりがいでん)The Legend of Lord Oguri

oie soodoo, o-ie soodoo お家騒動 household disturbance

okime おきめ【置目】 copying a pattern from a paper on a piece for laquering

okina mai 翁舞 (おきなまい) "old man dancing" at Kagura or as a statue

Onyooryoo 陰陽寮 Yin-Yang Bureau, Bureau of Onmyoo

otogizooshi, otogi zooshi 御伽草子 popular tales
http://edb.kulib.kyoto-u.ac.jp/exhibit-e/otogi/cover/index.html



............................. RRR

raimon らいもん【雷文】 fret, frets, Mäanderband

rikkokushi 六国史 lit. "History of six countries"

robin's egg blue, robin egg blue 薄緑がかった青色, eggshell blue, in the color of the American Robin. Used as a glazing for ceramics.

roiro, ro-iro ろいろ【蝋色/呂色】 / rooiro ろういろ black laquer background

rokudoo bakku 六道ばっく escape from the suffering of the six realms

Rose Hempel (1920 - 2009)

ryoo no shuuge 令集解 compiled by Koremune no Naomoto
ryoo no gige 令義解

ryuuka suigin りゅうかすいぎん【硫化水銀】mercury sulphide (Niutsuhime is the goddess of mercury)



............................. SSS

saikumono, saiku mono さいくもの【細工物】hand-carved miniature netsuke

sane 実/核 leather plate of a cuirass
..... ita-sane 板さね metal plates of a cuirass

sankei mandara 参詣曼荼羅 (さんけいまんだら) "pilgrimage mandala"

sannai 山内 inner precinct of a temple

sashimono shi 指物師(さしものし)hair ornament maker

seigaiha mon 青海波文(せいがいはもん)overlapping waves pattern

sei-i taishoogun 征夷大将軍 "barbarian-quelling great general" (Title of Minamoto no Yoritomo)

senpuku rinsoo 千輻輪相 Dharma wheel on the sole of the Buddha




............................. SH SH SH

Shiba Kōkan, Shiba Kokan, Shiba Kookan (司馬江漢)(1747-1818), also Suzuki Harushige (鈴木春重)

shibuichi, shibu-ichi しぶいち【四分一】 , alloy (70% copper, 30% silver), used for laquer ware decorations

shichidaiji junrei shiki 七大寺巡礼私記 "Record of the Seven Temple Pilgrimage", by Ooe Chikamichi 大江親通

shifuku しふくindividual bags (made of cloth)

shiinari 椎様/椎形/椎像 acorn shaped

shika mandara 鹿曼荼羅 deer mandala, shika mandala

shinchuu しんちゅう【真鍮】 brass, brasswork

shingi Shingon shuu しんぎしんごんしゅう【新義真言宗】 "school of the new shingon dogma"

shinkeizu しんけいず (神経図) true view picture, "diagram of the true form" (Daoist)

shioo しおう【雌黄】 orpiment / like sekioo 石黄(せきおう)

shippoomon しっぽうもん【七宝文】 overlapping circles

shiraniku ningyoo 白肉人形 doll with a white skin (white flesh)

shirochoo gai 白蝶貝(しろちょうがい)pearl oyster shells

shishiaibori ししあいぼり【肉合い彫り】 metal engraving technique

shokkoo nishiki 蜀江錦(しょっこうにしき)brocade with octagon patterns

Shooami Katsuyoshi 正阿弥勝義【しょうあみかつよし】Shoami Katsuyoshi (1832 - 1908) metal craftsman

Shooshoo hakkei 瀟湘八景 "Eight views of the Xiao and Xiang Rivers"

shozan engi 諸山縁起(しょざんえんぎ)Origins of various Mountains, 1180

shusei しゅせい anthology

shuugimono, shuugi mono 祝儀物 auspicious narratives in Noh

shuushoo 修正(しゅうしょう)会 shuusei - New Year ritual for Nation Protecting

. . . SO

sooshiki bukkyoo 葬式仏教 funerary Buddhism

sorabikibata そらびき機 draw loom

soshuu jiin hatto 諸宗寺院法度 edict relating to temples and monks of all sects


. . . SU

sumerogi (sumeroki) 天皇 すめろぎ【天皇】aonther name for Tenno

Sunpu onbunbutsu no uchi iroiro godoogu choo 駿府 List of various objects in the collection of cultural relics at Sunpu (Tokugawa)



............................. TTT

takabori たかぼり【高彫り】 engraving technique, so that the motive "stands out high"

takazoogan たかぞうがん【高象眼】 high-relief inlay

takumi たくみ【巧み/工/匠】 skillfull master (of a craft)

tatoogami たとうがみ【畳紙】 decorative wrapping paper


tenka taihei 天下太平 a sign of peace in the land (of Yamato). “Great Peace Under Heaven”

terakotta テラコッタ製 tera-cotta

terauke, tera uke 寺受け temple regisrty

tokuwaka ni go-manzai 徳若(とくわか)に御万歳(ごまんざい) "Be always young and enjoy longevity"

tooroo no ono 蟷螂(とうろう)の斧 "ax of a praying mantis"

tsurezure ori つれづれ織り tapsetry-weave, kesi

tsurumarumon, tsuru maru mon 鶴丸紋(つるまるもん) round crest with a crane

tsuyu uchi yuto ? 湯桶 / 湯とう spike tea pot style


............................. UUU

uchidashi 打ち出し hammer-reveal technique for metalwork

uma no me zara, umanome, uma-no-me 馬の目 "horse eye" patterns on Seto plates

unkoku ha うんこくは【雲谷派】Unkoku school of painting, Momoyama period
. . . . . Unkoku Toogan 雲谷等顔 (1547 - 1618)

Unno Shoomin / Un-No Shomin 海野 勝珉 ( うんの しょうみん ) 1844 - 1915 metal craftsman

urushigaki mei 漆書銘 (うるしがきめい) signiture in black or vermillion laquer




............................. WWW

waki-ita 脇板 armour plate at the side of a court of armes

wayoobi 和様美 Japanese aesthetics




............................. YYY

yakiagari, yaki-agari 焼き上がり ceramic surface

Yakumo Misho八雲御抄 The Sovereign's Eightfold Cloud Treatiese

yakuryoo 役料 "expenses for public duty"

yamato neko 倭根子 (やまとねこ) praizing word for the tenno. "Das Liebe Kind von Yamato"

yaso 八十 - 80, meaning "a lot"

yukiwa moyoo 雪輪模様 "snowflake ring" pattern, with six or eight rings
..... yukimochizasa 雪持笹 ... snow on sasagrass
..... yukimochiyanagi 雪持柳 ... snow on willow brances

yuukasai 釉下彩(ゆうかさい) decorations with red or yellow pigment and transparent glaze

yuuzen ゆうぜん【友禅】 printed silk




............................. ZZZ

zakuro guchi, zakuroguchi 柘榴口(ざくろぐち) entrance to a public bath

zasu ざす【座主】 chief priest of a large temple

zoogan ぞうがん【象眼/象嵌】 inlay (in metal work or laquer or others)

zuanchoo, zuan choo 図案帳 pattern design books (for kimono etc.)
zuanshuu, zuan shuu 図案集 pattern design collections


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more online dictionaries

EU dict for European languages
http://www.eudict.com/

kanji jiten
http://www.kanjijiten.net./

smart kanji net
http://www.smartkanji.net/

yahoo search
http://dic.search.yahoo.co.jp/search?p=&aq=-1&oq=&r_dtype=all&ei=UTF-8


Classical Text Kanji
http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/jhti/cgi-bin/jhti/vocasel.cgi

Digital Dictionary of Buddhism
http://www.buddhism-dict.net/ddb/

Konjaku Mojikyo - for all kinds of kanji
http://www.mojikyo.co.jp/software/mojikyo45/index.html


University of Virginia - classical text search
http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/japanese/texts/index.html



check them all out HERE
http://www.csse.monash.edu.au/~jwb/onlinejdic.html


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An American academic is creating a searchable database of 12 million historic copyright-free images.
Kalev Leetaru has already uploaded 2.6 million pictures to Flickr, which are searchable thanks to tags that have been automatically added.
the Internet Archive organisation.
Not only about Japan, but search for "Japan"
- source : www.flickr.com/photos

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. Personal Names - to be explored .


13 detail

Daruma Pilgrims in Japan

O-Fudo Sama Gallery

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