6/23/2008

Dairokuten Mao

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Fudo Myo-O Gallery

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Dairokuten Ma-O
第六天魔王 (だいろくてん まおう)

Big Number Six Heavenly Deity 大六天

MATEN 摩天(まてん) really means a deity who is tempting and disturbing human beings.

Another name is
Take Jizaiten 他化自在天(たけじざいてん)
"Enjoying other people's joy as one's own"
Paranirmitavasavarti-deva

Another name is Hajun 波旬(はじゅん、Papiyas).
Dairoku Tenmaou

dairoku can be written with the Chinese character for BIG 大 or the counter 第.

天主大魔王: Sixth Heavenly Pillar Deity.

Number six in the Buddhist realm of lust, greed and desire (yokuai, yokkai 欲界 .. kāma-dhātu. Kamadhatu), the highest realm.
People who are reborn in this heaven tend to take the pleasures of others for themselves and enjoy in the happiness of others.


Dairokuten Ma-O in the Nichiren Mandala
King Mara of the Sixth Heaven. Mara.


Oda Nobunaga took on this name for himself.
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Dairokuten Shrine where Nobunaga worshipped


© managireturns


In Shinto, it is also the deity Omodaru no Mikami 於母陀流神 or Ayakashikone no kami 阿夜訶志古泥神.



. Oda Nobunaga 織田信長 .


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Omodaru, Ayakashikone

The sixth of the first seven generations of kami, produced immediately prior to Izanagi and Izanami. It is generally believed that the two kami actually represent a single being, Omodaru being the male half and Kashikone the female, but no other specific attributes are known.

According to Motoori Norinaga, the characters used to write Omodaru's name mean "face and leg, indicating a being without imperfection; whether in face or in the limbs, every part is furnished complete" (Kojikiden). Other theories suggest that the names mean the face of the earth or the land was perfect and complete, or that the names were mutually complementary epitaphs used by the pair of kami.

In the medieval period, shrines appeared in the Kantō area worshiping Omodaru no mikoto under the name Dairokuten ("the sixth deva").
This name was based on the association of Omodaru with the sixth deva within the Buddhist theory of the heaven of thirty-three gods (Trayastrimsa).
© Nakayama Kaoru / Kokugakuin University.


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. Usaka matsuri 鵜坂祭 Usaka Shrine festival

The main deities of this shrine in Toyama are
Omodaru and Kashikone.


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Dairokuten Memorial Stone 大六天

In the background are two male symbols, arranged like "wayside gods" (doosojin).


© PHOTO : Cosmos Factory

三界のうちの欲界の最高所第六天に住む天魔といわれ、身の丈二里、人間の千六百歳を一日として一万六千歳の寿命をたもち、男女に自由に交わり受胎させる魔力があるという。そして「他化自在天」とよばれるように、他人の楽しみを自由に自分の楽しみにしてしまう法力をもつという。想像もつかないような力を持つようで、そうした力にあやかろうという意味で信仰されているのだろう。

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Dairokuten protects against Smallpox

「奉修大六天疱瘡安全守護処」「疱瘡軽安石札 実相坊」の「大六天疱瘡」です。


「大六天」と「疱瘡」が結合していることです。これらの版木は、実相坊に秘蔵されており研究者の目には触れておりません。.「大六天」の研究者にとっては、非常に貴重な史料です。
私は、疱瘡の治療薬として代表的な漢方薬である「五倍子」が使用され、治療に薬効があったことを記録に残すための祭りであると考えました。
江戸時代・元禄8年(1694年)成立の『救民妙薬』に「疱瘡」のヌルデを使用した治療法が紹介されています。
© mr yanagi


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. 高木神社 Takagi Jinja - Edo .

Kuroyami Ten 黒闇天 (こくあんてん) Kokuan Ten
黒闇女、黒夜天、暗夜天、黒夜神
“黒耳”(こくに、KalakarNi) Kokuni - Kuroanten / Kuroyamiten
an incarnation of Dairoku Ma-O
and
Kuroyami Tennyo 黒闇天女(くろやみてんにょ)
Lady Ten Deity of the Darkness

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Here is a charming old legend :

Once upon a LONG time, there lived an old grandma in Kashihara village, who liked things to be clean and orderly.
One day she passed before the Dairokuten Stone Memorial 「大六天さま」 in the village of Nakahonjuku. There were many children who had scattered a lot of things, like Shinto ritual sticks and even a Daruma lantern.

Grandma scolded the children and made them clean up.

For some reason the next day Grandma became a stomach ache and had to stay in bed.
She had been cast under a spell of Dairokuten Sama, who is a god who likes things to be disorderly and scattered around. So when she made the kids clean up, this did not please the god at all and he sent her a stomach ache !

Well, there sure are strange deities around !

Soon the children scattered and littered again around the stone memorial and Grandma became well in no time !


source: www.city.sayama.saitama.jp

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Dairokuten of Hongo Village

This deity comes from Shinto, but with the mixing of Buddhism and Shinto he has been called on with a wish for children or a good relationship.
In the village of Ami 阿見町 there is an old place name Arakawa Hongoji Dairokuten 荒川本郷字大六天 and a bridge called : Dairokuten Bridge 大六天橋, but the bridge seems lost in legend now.
Dairokuten was worshipped along many roads, especially roads leading to Kamakura (Kamakura Kaido 鎌倉街道).
The Dairokuten of Ami village is now only a stone memorial, but has a history of many hundred years. It is mentioned already in the year 1685 in a illustrated village collection called : Ami no yaron saikyojoo mura ezu 阿見野野論裁許状村絵図(あみのやろんさいきょじょうむらえず). Now there is just a small wayside shrine. Lately a new gate torii was constructed and the place is well taken care of.

Another Dairokuten memorial is on the private property of a local family since many generations. Before a father died, he would tell his eldest son as a last wish: "Take good care of the Dairokuten Stone!"

source: www.town.ami.ibaraki.jp

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Mud Slinging Festival, "Dairokuten Hadaka Matsuri"
Late February in Yotsukaido
Photos
Reference

For the deity "Dairoku Tenma-O" 第六天魔王(だいろくてんまおう, Dairokuten Sama 第六天さま. Men wrestle in the muddy fields and throw around the mud or smear it on children.

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Naked Festivals of Japan (hadaka matsuri)

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shrine Dairoku Ten Jinja, Hanno town
第六天神社 (飯能市 Hannoo shi)

A long-nosed goblin and a karasu bird tengu are facing each other.
They are the servants (kenzoku 眷属) of the deity of this shrine.

. Mukai Tengu 向い天狗 Tengu facing each other .

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meeting Daruma
in so many places ...
thanks Dairokuten



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. Kamakura Kaido 鎌倉街道 .


O-Fudo Sama Gallery


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